Here is my commentary on Ephesians 1:15. I am publishing these once or twice a week, but you can read all of the available articles at our web-site.
For this reason, because I have heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus and your love to all the saints…
To Paul the christians in Ephesus are legends! Paul has heard of them in other places, particularly in Rome where he is in prison. Hundred of kilometres away, people are bringing him reports of the faith and love of the christians in Ephesus.
They didn’t seek fame, but were just doing what God was leading them into. Perhaps this was rare enough even in the early days of the church to be noteworthy.
I have been on the receiving end of this kind of praise. A few times our church has been wonderfully generous in projects which have come to the attention of agencies and even of governments overseas. We just did what the Lord laid on our hearts, expecting that this is just normal.
Paul hears great reports about the church in Ephesus. Yet in Revelation they are warned to return to their first love or they would have the lamp removed from its lamp stand. Ephesians was written about 62 AD while Revelation was probably written late in that same decade.
It is so easy to lose the edge, the joy of our salvation, the first love for Jesus. We must protect our hearts lest we grow cold in our love for the Lord.
The Ephesian saints were famous for their faith in the Lord Jesus. There was something that st apart this faith from normal every day faith. They knew that they knew that Jesus was their Lord. They had committed their lives into His hands. They were “All in”, holding nothing back.
Jesus was their focal point, their heart’s desire, their first love. They trusted Jesus, were faithful to Jesus, believed in Him– as the true Lord, the true Redeemer, the true friend.
The Ephesians were also famous for their love for all the saints. The word for love here is agape which is the God- shaped love that knows no discouragement or refusal, but insists on only wanting what is good for the other person. This church was invested in the whole church.
They loved one another first of all. They made sure that nobody was in need. They shared all that they had with those who had nothing. They gave themselves to each other, being Christ for one another.
The Ephesians loved all the saints. This suggests that they looked beyond their own organisation, beyond their own city. We know that Paul helped to organise appeals among the churches to help those who were going through hardship such as famine. Perhaps the Ephesians were the first to step up, being an example to “all the saints” of how to show love to “all the saints.”
Key points from this verse:
• The Ephesian christians were legendary across the Roman Empire
• They had extraordinary faith in Jesus and love for the saints.
Here is my commentary on Ephesians 1:14. I am publishing these once or twice a week, but you can read all of the available articles at our web-site.
[Holy Spirit] is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it, to the praise of his glory.
The Holy Spirit is the guarantee of our inheritance. But how does this work? Why is the Holy Spirit a guarantee?
The Holy Spirit is given to christians when we are first saved. We speak of “having,” “receiving” the Holy Spirit and that the Holy Spirit is “in” us. We speak from experience of the Holy Spirit, but we lack any objective measurement or framework to describe how this works.
We know that we know. There is a difference in our lives that takes place as we attend to the Holy Spirit’s directions.
Once we had no concept of the Holy Spirit in us, but now it is our experience that God fellowships intimately with us.
People experience the Holy Spirit is different ways. For some, there is an ongoing clear conversation in which they are often keenly aware of the Holy Spirit’s direction. For others, the Holy Spirit is a vague entity, occasionally experienced as a still, small voice that is easy to miss.
The Holy Spirit is manifest in the form of various gifts such as those in 1 Corinthians 12 in which various abilities are given in order to build up the church. The Holy Spirit is also revealed as, over time, various qualities (the fruit of the Spirit) become activated to make a believer more Christ-like in temperament (Galatians 5:22-23)
When we believe we receive the Holy Spirit who serves as a guarantee of what is to come, our inheritance.
Our inheritance is our salvation, God’s free gift of eternal life to all who believe. At the instant we truly repent of our sins and decide to follow Jesus, the Spirit comes in and “seals” that decision, guaranteeing that we will receive eternal life.
A guarantee is given by a producer or service provider that their product is fit for its intended purpose. For consumers this might be in the form of a promise to replace a defective item if it breaks down in a certain time period. For businesses it might be a statement that a product such as a fuel has a certain composition or a rating. If this product fails to meet the specification a purchaser is justified in suing for the damages they suffer.
The Holy Spirit is the guarantee of our eternal salvation. We have this witness inside us that assures us that we are in relationship with God, and our destiny is not in doubt.
In most worldly guarantees, a corporation or a government stands behind the promise. With our salvation, it is God, our Creator and Redeemer, who stands behind the promise. In fact, He is the promise.
So God’s guarantee of our inheritance is to put Himself into us as a sign of what is to come.
The Bible does not give us much of an explicit description of what heaven is like or how eternal life will be lived. We do know that our relationship with God will be the focus of the new life.
In this life, sin blocks our relationship with God. For now we see in part, but one day we will see in fullness, in perfection. We will see the glory of God unfiltered by our physical limitations.
Since our relationship with God will be the focal point of eternal life, it is appropriate that the gift of the Holy Spirit is the guarantee of what will come. We have intimacy with the Holy Spirit as a foretaste, or a deposit, of what will be.
The conversation that we have with the Holy Spirit, the revelations, dreams and visions, the power to heal- all of these things are a sign of what is to come later, our inheritance in Christ.
An inheritance is something we receive when someone dies. It is something they owned which is passed on to us.
The inheritance that we have comes as a result of the death of Jesus. We were estranged from God, alienated and far off. Then, the One and Only Son of God came into the world to pay for our sins and bring us back to Him. We are now a part of God’s family, reconciled and restored to our Father.
Now we are heirs of the Father, joint heirs with the Son as Paul says in Romans 8:17. The Father literally owns the whole of creation, and now we share in that inheritance. Everything that God has, we have too.
An inheritance is not always available immediately. The estate of the deceased person must be settled. Investments must be liquidated, property may need to be sold, debts must be paid, and so on. There is a delay between inheriting and receiving.
While we live in this life, we cannot receive all of our inheritance. The Holy Spirit for now is our portion or deposit guaranteeing that the rest will come.
One day we will possess the inheritance, and be possessed by it.
Words cannot express nor minds imagine what heaven is like. There have been many people who have claimed to have gone there for a while before returning to earth. The book of Revelation gives a glimpse of the glory awaiting. Literally we have no words to give content and context to our destiny.
So in the meantime we live in fellowship with the guarantee of the inheritance, the Holy spirit.
The words “to the praise of his glory” relate to the single sentence of verses 13 and 14 which gives a brief story of salvation. In Christ we heard the word of truth, the gospel of salvation, received the Holy Spirit, and the deposit of our inheritance, all to the praise of his glory.
Just as the Holy Spirit is a testimony to us of God’s promise, so too our lives being redeemed, empowered and made holy, are a testimony to the world of God’s grace.
This is all to the praise of His glory. We are living testimonies of God’s glory, stories of the efficacy of God’s big rescue plan and of His love for all people,
Key points in this verse:
The Holy Spirit is God’s guarantee of our inheritance
We have to wait to receive the fullness of the inheritance
our relationship with God now is a sign of what is to come
Here is my commentary on Ephesians 1:13. I am publishing these once or twice a week, but you can read all of the available articles at our web-site.
In him, you also, who have heard the word of truth, the gospel of
salvation, and have believed in him, were sealed with the promised
Having talked about the Jews who were saved by faith in Christ
(“we”), Paul now turns to the saved Gentiles, the “you” in
We ,the Gentile believers, are included with the Jewish believers.
This is the significance of the word “also”. The Jews were the
first to believe, but in Christ we Gentiles are also saved.
Apart from timing, there is no difference in the destiny or the
quality of salvation of those who are Jews and those who are not
Jews. As Paul says in Romans, God has made one race or type of
humanity out of what was formerly two, and now there is no
This is so important to understand. The Gentiles have been grafted
into God’s kingdom, but that does not mean that we are not part of
the tree. And those who were born as Jews still need to be saved by
faith in Christ. People who make distinctions between Jews and
Gentiles (or between Israel and the Church), and those who argue that
Gentiles must take on aspects of Judaism to be properly saved have it
Paul notes here a three part salvation process
We hear the word
We believe in Christ
We receive the Holy Spirit
The gospel of salvation is the word of truth. The gospel is God’s
good news first announced by Jesus. The gospel can be expressed in
many ways, but its heart is found in John 3:16. “God so loved the
world that He sent His one and only Son so that whoever believes in
Him should not perish but have eternal life.”
We were dead in our sins, lost and far from God, with no hope for
salvation. Good deeds could not atone for our sins, and false
religion left us in bondage to rules that only served to convict us
of our hopeless condition.
Then Jesus came and set us free. His death on the cross paid the
price for every sin ever committed. Suddenly there was light in the
This is the Good News about salvation. Jesus Christ came into the
world to save sinners.
The gospel is the word of truth. It is God’s word to us so it
must be truth. Jesus is the word become flesh. He is the light in
which there is no darkness. In Jesus we have all truth.
The devil is the father of lies. He is the cause and source of
every deception, every falsehood, every forgery. The devil delights
in lies because they hide what is true.
The Father is the source of all truth. Every revelation, every
discovery, every scientific fact, owes its existence to God.
When we say the gospel of salvation is the word of truth we are
saying it is from God and it reveals God.
We live in a post-truth society where it is claimed that we are
free to believe whatever resonates within us at the time. The whole
concept of truth is considered by some to be a tool of the white
Nevertheless, the law of gravity applies to everyone, regardless
of their race, sexuality or gender. Everyone who jumps from a tall
building in an attempt to defy gravity will themselves be broken by
The gospel is God’s word of truth and it applies equally to all
Hearing the gospel is not enough in itself. We must also believe
in Christ. The word believe is often thought of as being a weak word
of less credibility than knowing.
Believing in Christ means something stronger. We hear the word of
truth and we decide to stake our lives on it. We don’t just have an
intellectual belief that we are saved by Christ, but we know and
trust that the word is true.
I know that gravity is real, not just an abstract theory of
physics, but a daily reality in my life. I can fall over and hurt
myself. I can imagine falling from a great height and so I am nervous
when I am near a cliff edge.
I know in my head that the laws of aerodynamics are also true. I
see planes take off and land at the airport. When I buy a ticket and
get onto a plane, I am saying that I trust the pilots, the
maintenance engineers, the air traffic controllers and a host of
people to get me safely into the air and back down again.
Many people believe the gospel is true, but fewer people take the
step of trusting Jesus, believing that He alone has the power to save
When we trusted in Christ, we were sealed by the promised Holy
Spirit. The Holy Spirit is promised to everyone who believes. God is
no longer “out there”. He is in me, empowering, sanctifying and
making me more like Jesus.
We are sealed by the Holy Spirit. The Spirit is God’s mark of
ownership on me. He seals us to remind us that we have been set apart
for His purposes, to live as His bond- servants.
The seal is for our benefit not God’s. When I allow the Holy
Spirit to work in me and through me, it is a reminder that I have
been bought at a price and I am no longer my own.
The gift of tongues is a daily supernatural expression of the God
who is in me. The “little miracles” of words of knowledge and
prophecy are a powerful sign that God’s power has sealed me for His
The fruit of the Spirit- love, joy, peace, and so on- are a sign
that God is at work transforming me, lifting me out of my bondage to
sin and self, and changing my temperament to be a holy person.
The benefits of salvation are not limited to individual people.
God is building a Kingdom made up of millions of born again
disciples. As our individual lives are transformed in God’s three
step conversion process, we influence and shape the culture around
us, even changing nations.
We hear the gospel, believe in Christ and receive the Holy Spirit.
Then we have the responsibility to pass it on, to speak the words of
truth so that our neighbours can hear, believe and receive,
Key points in this verse:
There is no difference between Jew and Gentiles
To be a part of God’s kingdom we must hear the truth, put
our trust in Christ and receive the Holy Spirit.
Belief in Christ is total surrender not just believing facts.
Here is my commentary on Ephesians 1:12. I am publishing these once or twice a week, but you can read all of the available articles at our web-site.
… we who first hoped in Christ have been destined and appointed to live for the praise of His glory.
The “we” in this verse is widely believed to be the Jewish believers in Christ as opposed to the “you” in the next verse which refers to the Gentile believers in Ephesus. Some translations actually add the word “Jews” in this verse, even though it is not explicitly given in the original.
The first believers were Jewish, and it took some major revelations for Peter, Paul and the other apostles to realise that the gospel was for all people, and not just for the Jews.
These first believers put their hope in Christ. They realised that He was the Messiah long foretold by the prophets.
Their hope in Christ was firstly for salvation. They knew that they were sinners needing forgiveness because they could not keep the Law.
The Law as it was written was exacting enough, but Jesus made the heart of men the heart of the Law. Jesus said that an angry insult was like murder and a lascivious look was like adultery. Sin starts in the heart long before it comes out in an action.
They recognised that Jesus is the Passover Lamb who takes away the sins of the world.
The Jewish believers were also looking for the salvation of Israel. Every Jew at that time longed for God’s Messiah to come and redeem Israel, setting them free from Roman occupation. There were countless attempted insurrections, but they were all put down with ruthless efficiency.
Jesus talked often about the Kingdom of God. It wasn’t until the Day of Pentecost, when the disciples received the Holy Spirit, that they realised that God’s Kingdom was not about a country on earth but something much bigger.
These first Jewish christians, according to Paul, were destined and appointed.
To be destined suggests that they were in a path or trajectory which they had no way of choosing. Before they were born, before the beginning of the world even, God set events in place that meant these people were on a particular path determined by Him. They were living in a kairos moment, and God had plans for them.
To be appointed suggests that they were chosen for a task and given authority to do it. Of all the christians and of all the Jews in history, these particular men and women have been chosen for a task and given authority by God Himself.
Their destiny, then, was not a blind force propelling them along the current of history. This is not “fate” or “karma” or “The Force” or any other term used by people to suggest an implacable, impersonal process that runs the universe. They were appointed by God the Father for this role.
That role is to live for God’s praise and glory. The phrase “to live for the praise of his glory” can be equally translated as “to live for his glory and praise.”
These Jewish believers, the first generation of believers, were assigned a task that is common to all believers in all time periods. We have been set apart to live for God’s glory.
In the Old Testament, the priests and Levites were set apart (or “appointed”) to live for God’s glory. They didn’t stop being priests when they left the Temple. Their whole life was appointed for God’s glory.
All christians are set apart- appointed- to give praise and glory to God. Our lives are meant to be a witness or a testimony of what God has done in our lives through Jesus Christ.
When I walk in humble obedience to God, I am living for His praise and glory. My every word and action should show people “This is what God looks like.” Jesus said, “Let your light shine before people that they may see your good works and glorify your Father in heaven” (Matthew 5:16). When we live for God, we bring glory and praise to Him.
These Jews who first hoped in Christ had a particular role. They were the first generation of disciples. They represented the redemption of Israel to the world and the redemption of the world to Israel.
Israel was established as a beach head for heaven’s invasion of earth. It was intended to be a light shining in a world corrupted by sin. It would show the world what it is like to live in holiness and in fellowship with God.
Israel failed in its purpose. Rather than being light in the darkness it became corrupted by sin. The Jewish christians were a sign to the world that in Christ the purpose of Israel was fulfilled.
Likewise, these same Jewish christians were a sign to Israel that its redemption had arrived and the salvation of the world, including Israel, was at hand.
Key points from this verse:
The first Jewish christians were chosen by God
Their role was to live for the praise and glory of God
Our role is exactly the same- to live for the praise and glory of God.
Here is my commentary on Ephesians 1:11. I am publishing these once or twice a week, but you can read all of the available articles at our web-site.
In him we are chosen, according to the purpose of him who accomplishes all things according to the counsel of his will.
It is hard to know who the “him” and the “his” refer to in this verse. Right through the chapter the subject is God the Father.
In God we were chosen (“Predestined” in the NIV) according to God’s purpose.
We were chosen. At first glance this would suggest the Calvinist doctrine of predestination. According to this doctrine, only some are chosen out of the whole of humanity, and it was only for those chosen ones that Christ died. Those chosen ones were “predestined” – that is qualified for heaven- before time began.
But God is bigger and more gracious than that. Jesus died for the whole of the human race. “God so loved the world that He sent His one and only Son.” (John 3:16) In that sense every person is “chosen”, but only those who receive Christ are in the Kingdom and share in eternal life.
We are chosen according to God’s purposes. He has a course for every person’s life, a path that He wants us to follow. That includes the saved and the unsaved alike.
We have all been created for the purpose of praising God and glorifying Him. The highest expression of that purpose is when we willingly and thankfully follow Christ, walking in the path of redemption and the process of becoming holy as God is holy.
Even those who are opposed to God’s purposes fulfil His purposes. Those who reject the way of Christ are still made in the image of God. Though reluctantly, they show the glory of God in the same way that the rocks and the stars sing praise to the Almighty.
At a deeper level, those of us who are saved and rejoice in Christ are a part of God’s purposes in redeeming creation. As we bear witness or testify to the power and glory of the gospel, more and more people are saved. The time will come when all people will be transformed by the Good News, and the mission work of the church will be completed.
It is hard to imagine what it would be like for the whole world to be under the Kingly reign of Christ, but that is God’s purpose for us.
God accomplishes all things in conformity to His will. God has purpose and will achieve it. He accomplishes all things. Nothing slips past Him as if it takes Him by surprise. “I never saw that coming” is not in His vocabulary.
He accomplishes all things. He always gets everything done that He intended. In that sense the broken world in which we live, with all its violence and sinfulness, is designed to achieve His purposes. Not that God is responsible for sin, but that He uses it.
We have to conclude that His purposes include raising a Kingdom of people who, though born in sin, raised in an environment of sin and constantly surrounded by sin, nevertheless still choose to follow Him and prefer righteousness.
Only humans, a breed of creatures who are both physical and spiritual, could achieve this. Only men and women can apprehend the glory of a God able to redeem them from sin. We are the chosen ones.
God accomplishes all things in conformity to His will. He has plan and purpose, and His deeds are directed by His purpose. This is Good News. It means that nothing is random or meaningless. God’s purpose is always present.
Evolutionists and cosmologists talk of random events- galaxies, mutations, big bangs and so on. Ascribing phenomena to randomness only indicates that we cannot see the whole picture. Our minds are too small to contain God’s purpose. This is especially true in science which consciously excludes God and is forced to insert randomness instead.
This is true of our lives. We see the idea of a random event and a random person as a way to explain this event and that person. Even the deepest tragedy is not random. It is not sent by God but it may be used by God in His purpose.
Here is my commentary on Ephesians 1:10. I am publishing these once or twice a week, but you can read all of the available articles at our web-site.
… as a plan for the fullness of time, to unite all things in him, things in heaven and things on earth.
The fulfilment of God’s plan is a unity of heaven and earth. In the previous verse we read of God’s will and God’s purpose. Now we read of God’s plan.
This world is not blindly evolving by chance and random mutation. The events of history are not meaningless. Our lives are not driven by fortune and misfortune.
God is behind all of these things. It does not matter whether you believe the world was made 6 thousand years ago or 6 billion years ago. It is God who made it and continues to shape it all for His purposes.
Political leaders may manipulate nations for their own aggrandisement, but they are on a leash that is held by the hand of the Lord.
If we feel that our personal life is out of control, we should remember that God is in control of all things.
He is working on a plan that began before time and involves a Kingdom of people who will worship God and serve Him to His glory.
It is not that we are like pawns pushed around on a chessboard. No, we have agency and will. We are accountable for what we do, but God weaves the will of countless millions of people into His plan.
This plan is a plan for the fullness of time. The word for time is kairos which means the appointed time. There is a time for planting and a time for reaping. These are appointed times.
Jesus was born at a kairos time and died at a kairos time
There is a time appointed by God for things to happen. The kairos times are the critical times, the moments of destiny.
And God has a time for the most appointed of all times, the fullness of kairos, the time of the end of this present age.
At that time the fulfilment, the climax, the end point of all of God’s plans will occur. This is the end point or destiny of everything, the whole purpose of the created order.
On that day (or time), all things will be united in Christ. The whole of creation will find its purpose in Christ.
This is a reversal of the Fall. When Adam and Eve sinned, one result was that creation became opposed, or at least resistant to people’s attempts to harmonise it. Until then Adam and Eve had a garden to tend, but after their sin everything was held back by thorns and thistles.
So on that day, all thing will again be united in Christ. The world will no longer threaten human beings.
As I write this the world is enthralled by a drama of 12 boys and their soccer coach trapped in a cave. The oncoming monsoon rains threaten to make their rescue more difficult. In Japan at the same time there are floods which have killed many people and destroyed whole towns. In Australia we are enduring a long drought.
In each of these situations, the natural order Is opposed to human well being. Even as we pray for relief, nature resists.
But in the fullness of time, this will no longer happen. People and the whole of the created order will be under the reign of Christ,
This raises the issue of judgement. It is Christ who will rule the re-created order. We will be united “in Christ.” Jesus assured us that even the rocks and stones will praise Him.
What of those who refuse to be “in Christ”? What of those who, because of their broken desires, have no wish to be united with “all things” in Christ?
They will not and cannot be a part of the unity of all things in Christ. There will be a Judgement where the sheep are separated from the goats and the weeds from the wheat. Those who exclude themselves from Christ in this age will be excluded from Him in the age to come.
Paul mentions two realms in particular that will once again be united- the heavens and the earth. The implications of this are hard to imagine
The heavenly realm is the place where God and His angels dwell. People are created to dwell in both the physical or earthly realm and the heavenly realm. We are body and spirit.
Sin blinds us to the reality of heaven. We know that God is there, even that He is in us after our conversion. We can conceive of the reality of heaven, but we can only see it through a very dark and distorted lens.
On the other hand, we see, feel, smell, hear and taste very clearly the physical environment- so much so that it often feels that it is the only part that matters.
At the moment, we perceive the spiritual reality by faith which is the confident trust in God. At the fulfilment of God’s plan, in the fullness of kairos time, all things in heaven and earth will be reunited. At last we will see God face to face and we will see all the spiritual realities as clearly as we now see the physical reality.
What a day that will be!
Key points in this verse:
God has a plan and a purpose
All things will be united n Christ
This will happen in the fullness of God’s appointed time
Here is my commentary on Ephesians 1:9. I am publishing these once or twice a week, but you can read all of the available articles at our web-site.
“For he has made known to us in all wisdom and insight the mystery of His will , according to His purpose which He set forth in Christ.”
God has given us knowledge of His will and purpose in Christ.
Knowledge was important to the Greeks and to many in that culture. People still say to this day, “Knowledge is power.”
This applies not just to the human realm but also to the spiritual realm.
The early church faced multiple threats to its theology from groups collectively called Gnostics to whom knowledge was eternal life. There were many Gnostic sects which blended elements of various religious systems, but they had a common thread. The basic belief was that the physical world is evil and the heavens are pure, and we can only be redeemed by secret knowledge (gnosis) which allows us to ascend by a series of intermediaries of which Christ is just one. This knowledge is hidden from ordinary people (mystery), but this teacher or this group will lead you to knowledge and enlightenment.
Paul cuts down that line of thinking by saying God has made known to us these hidden mysteries and His plan and purpose in the person of Christ. We don’t need any more knowledge, wisdom or insight because Christ Himself is the revelation.
The mystery of God’s will is something that Paul writes about quite often. The word mystery means there is something that was in the past secret and unknowable about salvation, but this has now been revealed. The Jewish people had some understanding, but the revelation they had was not complete.
Now in Christ we have the full revelation, the unveiling of the mystery, the explanation of God’s purpose that was hidden for so long.
In Christ we have knowledge; the explanation and description of who God is and how we can be put right with Him.
There is no need for other knowledge, the Gnostic “knowledge”, because we have Christ to show us. He is the Way, the Truth and the Life. Whoever sees Him sees the Father. Whoever follows Jesus as Lord is granted entry into God’s Kingdom.
In Christ we have full wisdom. The Greeks pursued philosophy which is literally the love of wisdom. Wisdom would give them mastery of themselves and their destiny.
The problem with philosophy is that every team comes up with different answers. One team would say that you must deny the fleshly desires and live a frugal life. Another team would say that the best life is one in which we enjoy every good thing. Yet another team would say that wisdom comes when we learn to patiently endure all things in life whether good or bad.
Jesus’ message is all wisdom. “The Kingdom of God is here. Turn away from your sins and follow me.” This wisdom not only orders our earthly life, but guarantees eternal life to all who will follow Him.
In Christ we have true insight- the word here actually means a frame of reference. Christ sets all of our thinking right. He is the centre of our world-view. Since this is actually God’s perspective, that means that all of our thoughts about ourselves, about God, and about other people now line up with those of the Creator. We have a true world-view, a correct frame of reference, a clear lens through which to view the world around us.
In the past everything was “mystery”, hidden from us and unable to be discerned except through a lens that was distorted and out of focus. Now, in Christ, we see all things clearly.
All of this is according to God’s purpose set forth in Christ. There is a Kingdom that is world-wide in scope, bringing every person under its reign. Jews and Gentiles are to be united in their worship of the Lord and in their work for Him. One race swearing allegiance to Christ.
Christ’s purpose was not just to save some individuals, important as that is, but to bring all things in unity under Him, and then at the end to present it all to the Father.
Key points in this verse:
God has given us all revelation in Christ.
There is no need for secret knowledge to gain salvation
Christ is all we need.
There is a huge plan that is coming to fruition in Christ,